Space telescopes will find Earth 2.0. It’s just a matter of time

Earth 2.0 is out there – and telescope technology is going to find it. From a trickle to a torrent in the last decade, space telescopes keep on finding new and tantalising evidence of Earth-sized planets in our Milky Way galaxy. 

In early September 2017, researchers using data from the Hubble Space Telescope calculated that there could be water on the surface of the seven planets around TRAPPIST-1, a dwarf star the size of Jupiter discovered earlier this year. 

Found in the direction of the Aquarius constellation, TRAPPIST-1 is 40 light-years from Earth, which in relative terms puts it in our neighbourhood. How do astronomers know that water is there? And will space telescopes shed any more light on 'other Earths'? 

Finding Earth 2.0 has become an obsession among astronomers. Credit: ESO/M. Kornmesser

Exoplanets in transit

All seven of the TRAPPIST-1 planets were detected using the transit method; when an exoplanet passes across a star as seen from a telescope, that star dims slightly. The light signature recorded by the telescope can then be used to calculate the mass and radius of the planet. This is the science of spectroscopy, with powerful space telescopes like Hubble, Spitzer, and Kepler able to observe exoplanets across broad wavelengths, ranging from ultraviolet (UV) to infrared (IR) light.

For this latest TRAPPIST-1 discovery, it's been all about detecting UV rays, which (above a certain level) can break-up water molecules. The researchers found that while the inner planets have probably lost all their water due to high UV levels, the outer planets (called e, f and g) have less UV, and are all in the habitable zone, so may contain rivers and oceans. 

The Hubble Space Telescope has done stellar work since 1993. Credit: Jamie Carter

X-ray specs

"It is exciting that we can now study the environments of individual Earth-sized planets," said Professor Peter Wheatley from the University of Warwick’s Astronomy & Astrophysics Group in the Department of Physics. 

"Our results suggest that water, and potentially life, could have survived in the TRAPPIST-1 system, despite the relatively intense UV and X-ray irradiation of the planets." 

However, despite the success of the Hubble Space Telescope and the other space telescopes, a lot of ground-based telescopes were also used to corroborate the data (Belgium's Transiting Planets and Planetesimals Small Telescope (TRAPPIST) telescope in Chile, in particular). 

Besides, the conclusion that there could be water on some of TRAPPIST-1's exoplanets is based on a lot of assumptions. What astronomers need in order to probe exoplanets effectively is a much more powerful space telescope. Luckily, there's one due to launch next year. 

The James Webb Space Telescope. Credit: Northrop Grumman

The 'new Hubble'? 

After 27 years of service, Hubble is about lose its spot as the human race's most powerful eye on the cosmos. 

Due for launch in October 2018 from the ESA's launch pad in French Guiana, the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) is twice as large as Hubble. Instead of orbiting Earth, it will orbit the Sun, 930,000 miles from Earth, at the L2 point to get our clearest-ever view of distant galaxies. 

It will do that by using a staggering 22-metre sunshield and gold-plated beryllium mirrors stretching 6.5 metres – three times larger than Hubble's – to detect IR light from the furthest depths of the known Universe in an effort to understand the Big Bang. 

It will also measure IR to detect what makes-up the atmospheres of exoplanets around distant stars. Its multiple cameras are also much more powerful than Hubble's, though it's too far away to be serviced by astronauts, (Hubble was famously fixed by a Space Shuttle visit in 1993). 

If all goes to plan, the JWST will change astronomy forever, with the TRAPPIST-1 planets first in line for a close look, but there are plans for many successors. 

Though little-known, the WFIRST proposed for launch in 2025 will mostly study dark energy and dark matter, but also be capable of carefully studying the atmospheres of exoplanets by blocking its view of stars nearby.

An artist’s rendering of a 16-metre space telescope. Credit: NASA

Super space 'scope of the future

Space telescopes are usually rated on the size of their mirror; Hubble has a 2.4-metre mirror, and JWST a 6.5-metre. So why not dream bigger and plan for a whopping 16-metre space telescope capable or confirming not whether life on exoplanets is possible, but whether it actually exists or not? 

That's exactly what astronomers are doing, with plans afoot for the Large UV/Optical/IR Surveyor (LUVOIR). Designed to occupy the same Sun orbit as the JWST, LUVOIR's 16-metre mirror would be a massive leap forward. 

The LUVOIR is not confirmed yet, and even when it is that will merely kick-start a 15-20 year countdown to its launch, but the momentum behind some kind of extra-large space telescope to succeed the JWST already exists. A 12-metre High-Definition Space Telescope (HDST) is proposed by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA). Its aim? To find Earth 2.0 – optically. 

Space telescopes of this massive size are what Elon Musk's SpaceX Falcon Heavy rocket was born to launch. 

The E-ELT will be humanity’s biggest ‘scope come 2024. Credit: ESO/L. Calçada/ACe Consortium

Back on Planet Earth

Ground-based telescopes are often hamstrung by clouds and distorting hot air, and they're also rendered part-time by nature of being on a rotating planet, but they have a critical role to play in discovering Earth 2.0. Usually they're used to corroborate findings of space telescopes, but don't underestimate them. Not only are the mirrors even more massive, but several exoplanets have been discovered using them. 

So the race is on to build ever-larger ground-based 'scopes. The Giant Magellan Telescope's (GMT) 24.5-metre mirror will probe exoplanets from Chile's Las Campanas Observatory, while to the north at the European Southern Observatory's Paranal Observatory the 39-metre mirror European Extremely Large Telescope (E-ELT) is underway and due to be completed by 2024. 

The E-ELT will be the 'world's biggest eye on the sky', though not far behind will be the Thirty Meter Telescope (TMT) in Hawaii, and the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) at Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory in Chile. 

The latter will use a mirror of 'only' 8.4-metres, but its whopping 3,200 megapixel wide-angle camera (that's over three billion pixels of solid state detectors) will record 15 terabytes of data every night as it catalogues 10 billion stars, their type and distance from the galactic plane. 

The search for Earth 2.0 will take time, telescopes and many terabytes, but it's already an unstoppable mission; it now seems certain that tech will find our twin.

  • Want to know about advancements in telescope technology? Check out: A silver lining in telescope technology is set to help us see further into space 

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The best Amazon Great Indian Festival deals

Amazon India recently announced that its shopping fiesta, Great Indian Festival will kick off from September 21 through September 24. With the onset of the festival season in India, online shopping gets a really amazing boost with consumers shopping at different portals for their festivity needs. In fact, a lot of us wait for this sale to commence and get our hands on our favourite products at the best price. 

Interestingly, this year it's going to be crazy for both, the online shopping portals, as well as the consumers as Flipkart's Big Billion Day sale also starts on September 21. But you don’t need to worry. TechRadar's tech deal experts will skim through various deals and offers to bring you, our readers, the best deals across both the sales.

Top deals from the Great Indian Festival sale


Buy Xiaomi Redmi 4 64GB @ Rs 9,499 @ Amazon (save Rs 1500)

Redmi 4 is rated as the best phone under Rs 10,000 only after it's elder sibling Redmi Note 4. It comes with Snapdragon 435 and 4GB RAM along with 64GB storage. Getting your hands on the Redmi 4 is not that simple as the phone usually stays out of stock. So this is your chance to buy it.  


Buy Nokia 6 @ Rs 15,000 on Amazon

The most awaited Nokia mid-ranger is now in stocks at Amazon Great Indian Festival. So all the Nokia loyalists who have been waiting for a fair deal on Nokia 6, this is your chance to grab it. 


Buy JBL GO Portable Wireless Bluetooth Speaker at Rs 1,899 @ Amazon (save Rs 490)

The JBL GO portable speaker can be an amazing partner for those who love to have music on the go. It comes with an in-built Bluetooth and Microphone that allows user to access music files from their smartphone and take calls as well. The speaker comes with a 600mAh rechargeable battery and is available in 8 different colours. 


Buy Sony MDR-ZX110A On-Ear Stereo Headphones at Rs 499 @ Amazon (save Rs 100)

With adjustable headbands and cushioned earpads, the Sony MDR-ZX110A headphones promises to deliver amazing sound quality with great comfort. The foldable design helps in storing and carrying them easily. Amazon is offering the device at a discount of 62%.


Buy JBL C300SI On-Ear Dynamic Wired Headphones at Rs 799 @ Amazon (save Rs 200)

The JBL C300SI comes with high power drivers which offers superior sound quality to the listener. With lightweight and self-adjusting earpieces, the headphones provide great comfort to the user for long listening sessions.


Buy Logitech X50 Wireless Speakers at Rs 1,199 @ Amazon (save Rs 325)

The speaker promises to offer great sound quality continuously for 5 hours. Apart from having Bluetooth connectivity, the speaker has a 3.5mm jack which allows user to connect it with other devices as well. The speaker is compatible with both Android and iOS devices and comes in 4 colour variants.


Buy UE Wonderboom Portable Wireless Speakers at Rs 5,999 @ Amazon (save Rs 1,000)

The UE Wonderboom speakers offers amazing 360 degree sound for up to 10 hours on a single charge. The USP of the speaker is that it is waterproof and can connect wirelessly to other Wonderboom speaker to produce much louder music. 


Buy Sony MDR-EX150AP In-Ear Headphones with Mic at Rs 749 (save Rs 200)

These Sony in-ear headphones comes with 9mm neodymium drivers that helps in delivering balanced sound in both the ear pieces. Their in-built mic allows you to receive calls and their silicone earbuds promises to give you comfort for long listening hours.


Buy LG Q6 at Rs 12,990 @ Amazon (save Rs 4,000)

The LG Q6 comes with a 5.5-inch full HD display with an aspect ratio of 18:9, 13MP rear camera and 5 MP front camera. It also has minimum bezels which provides much wider experience to the user. It is powered by Qualcomm Snapdragon 435 octa core processor coupled with 3GB RAM and 32GB internal memory that is expandable up to 2TB. It runs on Android 7.1 Nougat and a 3000mAh battery fuels it up from beneath. 


Buy House of Marley Smile Jamaica EM-JE041-SB In-Ear Headphones with Mic at Rs 899 @ Amazon (save Rs 100)

The headphone comes with 8mm moving coil drivers which delivers amazing sound quality with minimum disturbance. It also has 52-inch fabric cord and are made with sapele, beech wood and recyclable aluminium. Amazon is selling these set of earphones at Rs 899 with a discount of Rs 100.


Buy 32-inch Samsung 32J4003-SF HD Ready LED TV @ Rs 17,989 (Save Rs 10,911) 

Samsung's 32-inch HD ready LED TV is on sale with a thick price cut. You can but this television for Rs 17,989, and it comes with connectivity options like USB, HDMI topped with tons of picture modes to enhance your viewing experience. 

Handpicked Deals on Amazon Great Indian Festival

Here are some of the deals and offers brought to your by TechRadar's team of tech deal experts:

If you're looking to buy a new laptop, here are the best deals on laptops

Amazon Great Indian Festival: Best deals on laptops

Some great offers on wearables

Amazon Great Indian Festival 2017: Best deals on wearables

Huge discounts on portable wireless speakers

Amazon Great Indian Festival: Best deals on speakers

Best discounts and offers on mobile phones

Amazon Great Indian Festival 2017: Best deals on mobile phones

Offers on storage solutions: Hard disks, pen drives, and more

Amazon Great Indian Festival 2017: Best deals on Hard disks, Pen drives and more

The best power bank deals on Amazon are now live

Amazon Great Indian Festival 2017: Best deals on power banks

What is Amazon's Great Indian Festival Sale 2017?

4 Days. 96 hours. More than 40,000 offers across electronics, home and fashion. Amazon India’s Great Indian Festival is an extravaganza of crazy deals every hour along with some exclusive limited-time deals on products from big brands.

As the festival season nears, shopping portals such as Amazon bank on the spirit of the festivities and launch some really great offers across their catalogue for consumers.

More than 40,000 offers across all four days will headline the shopping carnival on Amazon India with new deals every hour across various categories.

Amazon India’s Great Indian Festival Sale is a good occasion for online shopaholics to spend that hard-earned moolah on some of the products they have been eyeing on. The offers will be available across Amazon India’s product categories which include consumer electronics, home and kitchen along with fashion and lifestyle products on the portal.

When is the Amazon Great Indian Festival sale starting?

Amazon India will be holding its Great Indian Festival Sale from September 21 to 24. Additionally, Amazon Prime members will get an early access to the deals on September 20. 

September 21 will also be the day when Flipkart holds its Big Billion Day sale. So, it’s a win-win situation for the consumers as both major online retailers will be attempting to woo consumers with their offers and deals. 

Amazon India’s shopping festival garners many users every year and this time it is expected to attract more customers than before. That in part has to do with the timing of the sale which will start just before the festivities kick off in India.

Why is Amazon Great India sale so important?

Any sale, no matter the time or occasion is of much importance to shoppers in India. The Diwali Sale, however, is on another level when it comes to shopping as it is a celebration period in households and is a time when winter is on the horizon. Sales during these days generally increase in both scale and offer with many consumers now turning up to online shopping websites to make purchases.

During Amazon India’s Great Indian Festival Sale, 40,000+ offers would be introduced during a period of four days with more than 500 offers on mobiles, 2,500 offers on electronics, above 10,000 home & kitchen offers and more than 3,00,000 offers on apparels. Along with this, some exclusive deals on products for a specific duration, no cost EMI, exchange offers and Amazon Pay balance offers would also be released. Along with this, Amazon India has partenered with Amazon India and will be offering the users with a special "Buy Now, Pay in 2018" scheme if they hold a HDFC credit card as the bank will provide an EMI Holiday of three months. This offer would only be applicable for HDFC credit card holders and customers would also be entitled to a 10 percent cashback on orders above Rs 5,000.

Mobile phones would attract more than 40 percent discount across brands including the likes of OnePlus, Apple, Xiaomi, Samsung, Motorola, Lenovo, LG, Honor, Nokia among others. The Great Indian Festival Sale would also see up to 60 percent off on electronics and home appliances which include up to 20 percent off on laptops, up to 50 percent off on storage devices, up to 55 percent on cameras and up to 60 percent discounts on networking peripherals, headphones and speakers.

Amazon India would also be running a contest on their official app under Amazon App Jackpot wherein consumers could win prizes worth 2,00,000 INR.

Amazon’s home-brand AmazonBasics products would also be available on discounts of up to 60 percent. 

All in all, these four days would be really amazing for people who love to shop and for those who have made a wishlist of products to buy since the beginning of the year. 

What is Amazon App Jackpot offer?

To lure customers even further, Amazon India will also be introducing an App Jackpot Offer where users of the Amazon India mobile app could stand a chance to win prizes up to Rs 2 Lakhs. Products that come under the App Jackpot offer are Apple iPad Air 2, Sony PS4 (1TB), Panasonic (43") LED smart TV, OnePlus 5, Moto G5s Plus, Fitbit Blaze smart watch and Seagate (5TB) hard disk.

To enter the contest, users will have to download the Amazon India app and sign-in. Amazon will introduce some questions for the users and at the end of the contest period, it will select seven participants from a random draw. These seven participants would then further receive a question through email from Amazon India qualifying which, the participant will win one of the prize. 

Some of the best Great Indian Sale deals from the past

During some of the past Amazon India sales, products such as Apple’s MacBook Air was up for grabs at Rs 58,990 which is a massive discount of Rs 18,210. Apple Watch Series 2 was also retailing at a discount of Rs 5,000 along with Kindle Paperwhite receiving an additional price cut of Rs 4,199.

Coming to smartphones, Apple iPhone 7 32GB variant was retailing at Rs 42,999 after receiving a discount of up to 30 percent while the iPhone 6 was up for grabs at just Rs 23,999.

Mid-range smartphones such as the Moto G5 Plus retailed at Rs 14,999 after a discount of Rs 2,000. Google Pixel XL which normally cost Rs 76,000 was up for sale after a discount of Rs 22,001 at Rs 53,999 while the price of Pixel 32GB variant was also slashed by Rs 15,001.

Headphones from Sony were available at Rs 649 while a Western Digital 2TB external HDD was on sale for Rs 5,999. The Extra Bass headphones from Sony retailed for Rs 1,005 during the sale as well.

Wireless speakers which have become a trend in recent years were also on heavy discounts. JBL wireless speakers received a discount starting from 35 percent, Ultimate Ears speakers were on more than 25 percent discount followed by Sony which offered its wireless range of speakers at up to 30 percent off. Philips, Portronics and Zook’s speakers were up for grabs at up to 40 percent, 35 percent and 30 percent discount respectively.

How to get the best Amazon Great Indian Festival deals?

First of all, it's really simple. Just follow TechRadar during the four days of sale and we would do the hard work of offering you with the best deals possible.

But such sales also attract the attention of scammers and fake vendors. To counter that, ensure that the seller you’re buying your favourite product from is certified by Amazon India. In other words, the seller should be carrying an Amazon-fulfilled badge on their profile. Unfortunately, if you don’t find a valid seller but the deal is irresistible, have a look at the seller's profile and comments left by previous customers. If the seller looks clean, go for the deal.

Along with this, you might find some discounts being offered on products at their MRP’s. To get the best deals users can use price comparison websites such as mysmartprice to check whether the product is being offered at a genuine discounted rate.

Additionally, do not respond to emails and click links from shady sources as that could be a phishing attempt.

Happy shopping, people!

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Google’s trade-in program could help pay for your Pixel 2 – CNET

A trade-in program could help make Google’s forthcoming phone cheaper overall.

from CNET News http://ift.tt/2xmkfkl
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Uber only has itself to blame for London license loss

 The tech industry’s over-processed supply of irony might not be enough to service all the ramifications of Uber being stripped of its London license by the city’s transport regulator. Read More

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Best running gadgets 2017: the top fitness tech to help you run better

Running's easy, right? It's just heading outdoors and putting one foot in front of the other.

But while it may seem like the most natural sport known to mankind there’s nothing a bit of innovative gadgetry can’t improve on. 

And as any runner will tell you (along with an encyclopedic knowledge of public toilets and local water fountains) one thing all pavement plodders accrue over time is a love of data.

Monitoring your form and knowing how far, how fast, how heart-boundingly close to a personal best (PB) you’re running is a sure-fire way to help you understand your training, identify areas to work on and spur you onward to achieve your goals.

While a decent running watch, trainers and some sweat-wicking kit is probably top of your list, we’ve gone the extra mile to bring you a raft of running tech that could take you one step closer to that PB, one step further from injury and generally make running a smoother, more comfortable ride.

Note: we've ranked these from cheapest to most expensive according to prices at time of writing.

In a market saturated with stats, apps and data tracking, FlipBelt is one of the simplest bits of kit around. It’s also one of the most effective.

Pull the stretchy fabric tube up around your waist, fill it with all your run essentials – phone, credit card, energy gels, emergency change for the public loo – flip over. Hey presto, everything stays securely around your middle.

Unlike a bum bag with its adjustable straps and buckles, the belt sits flush to the body so there’s virtually no bounce. No zips on the openings mean no chafe, and providing you get the right size – there are five to choose from ranging from a 23- to 41-inch waist – there’s no riding up either.

You can even get water bottles designed to fit inside the belt, so it’s ‘see you later’ to that sloshing lopsided gait.

If there’s one thing every streamlined runner loves, it’s a space-saving two-in-one device like the Shapeheart Armband. 

Unless you’re about to invest in the Apple Watch 3, carrying your smartphone on runs is often a necessary evil and that means while armbands aren’t everyone’s favorite, they often feature too. And if that’s the case you may as well make it twice as useful.

Not only does the Shapeheart deliver on the phone carrying front, with a magnetic case that allows you to easily detach your mobile from the strap to answer calls, take those vital running selfies (or check Google Maps), it also monitors your heart rate.

A removable optical heart rate (HR) sensor located in the neoprene armband sends your heart rate data to pretty much any running app you choose – Nike+, Strava and Runkeeper – so you can ensure you’re training in the right zone for your goals.

While it won’t trump the accuracy of a HR chest strap, the armband should be more reliable than the data from a watch as you’re less likely to get that gap between sensor and wrist that can skew HR stats.

If you’re serious about improving your speed and efficiency, the Lumo Run is one of the best running form trackers out there.

With no fewer than seven different sensors, including accelerometer, gyroscope and vibration sensor, all you have to do is clip the 25g lightweight device to the back of your shorts and you've negates the need for a trip to the biomechanics lab.

Lumo tracks all your vital running form stats – that’s cadence (steps per minute), bounce, pelvic movement and how much brake you apply with each step – and fires them to the Lumo app for you to pore over later, alongside personalized recommendations for pre- and post-run exercises based on how you’ve just performed.

You’ll also get recommendations on aspects of your form to work on during each run, along with real-time audio-coaching to help you adjust your form on the go.

The downside for those who prefer running on the light-side, however, is that audio cues and GPS stats such as pace and distance are only available if you take your phone along for the ride.

With 20 days of run time and onboard storage for sessions where you want to track phone-free runs this is your best weapon for improving form.

The Jaybird X2 in-ear headphones were a popular choice with runners and we expect the X3 to have a similar fan club. These new neckband-style Bluetooth buds offer plenty of improvements and an even friendlier price point.

For a start, they’re slightly smaller but retain the sweat-proof design and surprisingly great sound.

Bluetooth 4.1 means longer battery life that can easily cope with a marathon with juice to spare, while there’s also greater control over the audio thanks to a new companion MySound app that lets you tweak the levels to your preference.

But what makes them a killer choice for runners is how they fit and feel on the move. The abundance of fitting options means they stay secure in your lugholes while the lightweight band kills off any tug. The only thing that reminds you they’re attached to your head at all is your power song pumping you to a PB.

Read the full review: Jaybird X3

Designed for working out, the new generation of wireless AfterShokz IP55 sweat-resistant bone-conduction headphones weigh in at 30g, that’s around 20% lighter than the original Trekz Titanium – because every gram counts when you’re gunning for a PB.

Perfect for running, no wires mean no knocking your earbuds out with every arm swing, six hours of music and calls from a 90-minute full charge means they’ll see you through a marathon with change.

One of the best things though: the open-ear design allows you to hear what’s going on around you at all times, particularly important on darker nights and misty mornings and makes them race legal in the UK for open-road running.

Other useful improvements include dual noise cancelling mics so you can actually take that call while you’re on the run (as long as you can breathe) and redesigned bone transducers that deliver more bass, one of our biggest bugbears with previous AfterShokz. The pause button has been overhauled to be easier to tap too… in short, this is a brilliant upgrade.

And because sport headphones tend to spend a lot of time kicking about in the bottom of a bag, they come with a durable premium titanium frame and wraparound band that can withstand a few knocks.

Designed to improve your technique and reduce the chance of injury, just about the only thing these smart trainers don’t do is run for you.

As you plod the pavements they’re collecting all kinds of data via lightweight pressure sensors that run the length of the shoes, storing the stats on the Altra IQ app and providing live coaching tips to help you improve your stride.

Monitoring cadence, impact every time you hit the ground, data on how you’re landing – heel, midfoot or forefoot first – how your stride changes with terrain and elevation and even how long your foot is in contact with the floor, these zero-drop cushioned shoes are a stat-loving strider’s dream.

Vi is an AI running coach who lives in specially designed earphones. Offering personalized advice based on your goals and running history, she’ll adapt to your training schedule and throw out workout suggestions and tips as you run.

The bio-sensing earphones track your speed, distance, cadence, elevation, heart rate and more so Vi can train you on the go, encouraging you to keep going when you’re about to hit a new goal, telling you to slow down if you have a tendency to set off too fast, offering pace-specific training and suggesting recovery days or harder sessions where necessary.

Rather creepily, Vi also knows your name, the weather and where you are and can tailor her advice to your current situation, such as throwing in a few tips for running in the rain if you’re heading into winter.

Ambitious by design, Vi represents the future of running and fitness gadgets. We’ve spent a lot of time with her – the AI is female – and while right now she’s a great tool for casual and newer runners building fitness, she lacks a few of the essential features that will satisfy the more serious runners chasing PBs.

However, with the ability to support years of software upgrades, Vi can only get better as you do and for those who’d love real-time run coaching but can’t afford it, Vi could make for a good AI option.

There’s a reason these headphones look like they’re going to tweak your brain – they are.

Part of a rising trend for applying advanced neuroscience to sport and fitness, Halo Sport employs clever, and somewhat complex, brain science to make you run faster. Worn before your workout, Halo delivers a tingling electrical stimulation over a 20-minute warm up period known as ‘neuropriming’.

The idea is that electric signals help the movement-controlling neurons in your brain fire more easily.

Your brain learns to repeat movements such as the strides you make when running through a process called plasticity, but neuropriming is intended to get your brain into a state of ‘hyper-plasticity’ so it reaches its fine-tuning state more quickly and you get greater muscle control and better results from your workout.

Small-scale studies with baseball team San Francisco Giants showed improvements in speed and explosiveness and there’s a weight of scientific research to back up their effectiveness.

However, unless you really, really care about shaving that elusive minute off your Parkrun time, then this might be a trend to monitor rather than dive in to at this stage.

  • Now check out the best running headphones

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